Johann Jacob Otto August Rühle von Lilienstern
(16.04.1780 - 01.07.1847)
place of birth: Königsberg-Prignitz, Ostpreußen
At age 15, this future Chief of General
Staff had already attained the rank of Fähnrich (officer
candidate) in a Guards regiment and had become life-long friends with
Heinrich von Kleist. As a commissioned Prussian officer, he served in
the Guard Infantry Regiment 15 in Potsdam and as Chief of General Staff
of the Rhein Province. Rühle
fought during the 1792-95 campaign against France and during the Polish
revolt of 1794. He also achieved renown as a cartographer, historian,
and military instructor.
After the Prussian military defeat of 1806, Rühle served for a few years in the
Duke of Weimar's court, working with the likes of Scharnhorst and
Clausewitz to reorganize the army. He later succeeding von
Grolman as Prussian Chief of General Staff from 1819 to 1821.
During this period, he established the Imperial Lithographic Institute
in Berlin which was tasked with printing maps and other graphical
documents. Still serving at the rank of lieutenant general, Rühle also published several works
dealing with general historical issues and military science. He also
financed Kleist's Phoebus. In 1844, he became
Prussia's general inspector in charge of military training and
education. General Rühle von
Lilienstern died in July 1847 in Salzburg, Austria.