Heinrich Adolf von Pfuel
(03.11.1779 - 03.12.1866)
place of birth: Jahnsfelde bei Müncheberg, Brandenburg
Imperial Prussian General der Infanterie Ernst
von Pfuel simultaneously served as Prussia's War Minister and
Chancellor (Ministerpräsident). Young Ernst was brought up in the
household of Generalmajor Ludwig von Pfuel and his spouse Sophie Kranz.
Ludwig had served as Friedrich Wilhelm von Preußen's court marshal.
Ernst von Pfuel was married to Karoline von Byern for 22 years before a
marital indescretion on his part forced her to dissolve the marriage.
The Pfuel's had one daughter and five sons. He later married his
mistress Emilie Wahlert von Alvensleben.
Von Pfuel's military career began when his parent's sent him
to the Kadettenanstalt in Berlin at the age of
13. As an officer he helped do battle against Napoleon I. at
Jena-Auerstedt and was part of the military force which
pushed Napoleon out of Russia. In 1815, he acted as commandant of the
Prussian Sector of Paris and was largely responsible for having the Quadriga
returned to Berlin. Pfuel was dispatched to Neuchâtel, Switzerland in
1831 to help suppress an attempted revolt. He remained there as
Governor until March 1848, when he was named Governor of
Berlin. It was during this time-frame that von Pfuel
simultaneously replaced Roth von Schreckenstein as Prussian Chancellor
and Rudolf Auerswald as War Minister. He held these posts for only five
weeks. Von Pfuel is also renowned for having introduced swimming
instruction as part of the Prussian soldier's training regime. He died
in Berlin on 3 December 1866.