Karl Eberhard Herwarth von Bittenfeld
(04.09.1796 - 02.09.1884)
place of birth:  Großwerther, Provinz Sachsen  (Thuringia)

Königreich Preußen:  OBH,  Generalfeldmarschall


Prussian general field marshal Eberhard Herwarth von Bittenfeld was born into an aristocratic family which had supplied many distinguished officers to the Prussian army. He entered the military in 1811 and served in Germany's Wars of Liberation (1813-1815), distinguishing himself at Lützen and Paris. During the Berlin revolution of 1848 he was on duty at the royal palace as colonel of the 1st Guards. As general of infantry he commanded the VII. (Westphalian) Army Corps in 1860. 

During the Danish War of 1864 he succeeded to the command of the Prussians when Prince Friedrich Karl became commander-in-chief of the Allies. In the war of 1866 he commanded the Army of the Elbe which overran Saxony and invaded Bohemia. Herwarth himself directed the battle against the Austrian left flank. In 1870 he was not employed in the field, but was in charge of organizing and forwarding all the reserves and material required for the armies in France. In August 1871 his services were recognized by promotion to the rank of field marshal. The rest of his life was spent in retirement at Bonn, where he died in 1884. Since 1889 the 13th (1st Westphalian) Infantry Regiment has borne his name.


Generalfeldmarschall  08.04.1871

Eisernes Kreuz II  Deutsch-Französischer Krieg  1870–1871

Pour le Mérite  29.06.1864