Luitpold Karl Joseph Wilhelm Prinzregent von Bayern
(12.03.1821 - 12.12.1912)
place of birth:  Würzburg, Bayern  (Bavaria)
Königreich Bayern:  Seine Königliche Hoheit, Prinzregent von Bayern


Luitpold von Wittelsbach was the younger brother of Maximilian II. King of Bavaria, who in 1864 died and passed the throne to his supposed mentally ill son Ludwig II.  A deft leader and high-ranking general officer in the Bavarian Army, Luitpold took over from Ludwig II. in 1886 when it became apparent to some in Bavaria that the "Fairly Tale King" could no longer effectively reign. Having joined the Army in 1835 at the age of 14, young Luitpold was soon promoted to Captain of Artillery. He pursued his military profession with vigor and commanded an infantry division during the Austro-Prussian War of 1866.

By 1869, Luitpold was functioning as Inspector General of the Royal Bavarian Army, and then represented his kingdom during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71 as part of Helmuth von Moltke's German General Staff.  King Ludwig II. was not in favor of Bavaria subordinating itself to the Prussians and thus send Luitpold to Versailles in 1871 when the victorious Germans installed Wilhelm I.  as emperor of the newly established German Empire. After the war, Ludwig II. promoted his uncle Luitpold to Generalfeldzeugmeister with the rank of Generalfeldmarschall.  In 1886, Ludwig II. was declared mentally incapable of ruling as Bavaria's sovereign, and Luitpold was controversially installed as Prince Regent. Three days later, King Ludwig was either murdered or committed suicide, and his insane younger brother Otto was proclaimed Bavaria's fifth ruling sovereign. Given Otto's mental condition, however, Uncle Luitpold continued in his capacity as Prince Regent until his death from bronchitis in 1912. He is interred in the Theatinerkirche in Munich.


Prinzregent von Bayern  10.06.1886  -  12.12.1912