(21.06.1864 - 03.09.1946)
place of birth: Schlettstadt, Elsaß (Selestat, Alsace)
Imperial German War Minister and
Generalleutnant, Heinrich Scheüch
succeeded General von Stein in October 1918 as Imperial Minister of
War. Heinrich was born into the family of a political administrator and
his wife Emilie Graeff. Heinrich initially attended the Lyceum
in Colmar, but chose a military career thereafter, his first unit being
the 4. Badischen Infantry Regiment Nr. 112 in Colmar.
In the years leading up to mobilization, Scheüch
served as Director of the Central Department at the War Ministry in
Berlin. He was then appointed Chief of Staff at Great Headquarters. In
May of 1916, he took over command of the 29. Infantry Brigade, and on
13 January 1917 was transferred to command the 33. Infantry Division.
Also, from 16 August 1917 to 8 October 1918, he followed General
Groener as the Chief of the War Office.
The apex of his military career was reached on
9 October 1918 when he was named to succeed Hermann von Stein as
Imperial War Minister and was simultaneously promoted to
Generalleutnant. He served in the cabinet of Reichskanzler Prince Max
von Baden, but only remained in office until 2 January 1919, shortly
after Germany had signed the Armistice. He was awarded the Pour
le Merite in 1918 and in retirement received the brevet rank of General der
Artillerie (Charakter) on 27 August 1939 for
Tannenberg Remembrance Day. Heinrich Scheüch
died on 3 September 1946 in Bad Kissingen.