Richard von Kühlmann
(03.05.1873 - 16.02.1948)
place of birth:  Constantinople  (Istanbul, Turkey)
Deutsches Kaiserreich:  Staatssekretär des Auswärtigen Amtes


Imperial German diplomat and industrialist who succeeded Zimmermann as Germany's Foreign Minister for a period of ten months (1917-18). He was born into the family of Otto von Kühlmann, a politician and General Manager of Germany's Railroad, and his wife Anna Freiin von Redwitz-Schmöltz. 

As Kaiser Wilhelm II's Foreign Minister, he lead the German delegation that concluded both the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (1918) and the Treaty of Bucharest (1918). As a moderate on the issue of Germany's war objectives, von Kühlmann was despised by General Ludendorff and was ultimately sacked for his speech in front of the Reichstag where he - correctly - claimed that at that time a purely military decision was well beyond Germany's reach. Herr Kühlmann was known as a bright and very experienced diplomat, and he was also a committed anglophile. He was first married to Margarete von Stumm and then later to Marie-Anne von Friedlaender-Fuld. Richard von Kühlmann was laid to res on 16 February 1948 in Ohlstadt, Bavaria, near Garmisch.


Außen-Minister  06.08.1917  -  09.07.1918