Ernst Adolf Julius Guido von Usedom
(02.10.1854 - 24.02.1925)
place of birth: Quanditten, Ostpreußen
SM, Sonder-Kdo in der Türkei, Admiral
German Admiral and confidant of Kaiser Wilhelm II. Usedom
joined the German Navy in 1871 and participated in the Boxer
Rebellion 1900-01 where he earned the Pour le Merite
for his leadership during the naval forces landing. He later served as
adjutant to Prinz Heinrich von Preussen and became part of Kaiser
Wilhelm II's retinue.
Von Usedom retired in 1910 as a vice-admiral
but was reactivated for the War. The Kaiser
immediately selected to head up the Dardanelles
defense network, with the special mission to Turkey. As commander, the
Turks additionally bestowed the rank of Field Marshal to Usedom since
subordinated fortress commanders were also members of the Ottoman Army.
In August 1915 he became the Kaiser's adjutant general and worked
closely with German general Liman von Sanders during the Gallipoli
Campaign. For these efforts, he was awarded the Pour le Merite
oakleaf cluster and was also promoted to full admiral on 27 January
1916, remaining with the Ottoman Army until War's end. Von Usedom died
in 1925 in Schwerin, Germany.