Johannes Eugen Rommel
(15.11.1891 - 14.10.1944)
place of birth: Heidenheim an der Brenz, Württemberg
Wehrmacht Field Marshal and the "Desert Fox" of the Second
World War, Erwin Rommel also had a distinguished career during the
Great War, serving in France, Russia, and Italy. His father Erwin Sr.,
a school administrator, had served as an artillery officer.
In the summer of 1914, as Germany
mobilized for war, Rommel was a lieutenant and company commander in an
infantry regiment. By late August, he had already demonstrated his
military leadership in the Longwy area, earning
the Iron Cross 2nd Class the Iron Cross 1st Class.
Rommel was then assigned to the Württemberg Mountain Battalion,
attached to the Alpenkorps, a unit which soon
transferred to Romania for the successful attack on Bucharest in
November 1915. October 1917 saw his 200-man battalion moving to the
Italian Alps, where they played a leading role in the breakthrough at Caporetto.
For this his bravery and leadership, was also awarded the Pour
le Merite. As a highly respected and successful Wehrmacht
field marshal during World War Two, Erwin Rommel found himself involved
on the fringes of the assassination plot against Hitler and was
ultimately coerced into taking his own life (in order to protect his
family's honor) at the age of 52.