Heinrich Franz Hans Freiherr von Oldershausen
(24.11.1865 - 23.07.1924)
place of birth: Hildesheim
Royal Saxon staff officer Martin
Freiherr von Oldershausen
served for two years as General von Einem's Third
Army Chief of Staff in Alsace-Lorraine. He was also General von Eben's
Chief of Staff with Army Detachment A toward the end of the Great War.
He was born into an ancient noble family from Niedersachsen.
Martin's younger brother Erich was likewise a military officer who
during the Great War headed up the Field Railway Office. During the
years leading up to the War, von Oldershausen functioned as the Chief
of the Regimental Staff for Infantry Regiment Nr.105, headquartered in
Oberstleutnant von Oldershausen remained in
this capacity as the 105th entered French territory on 2 August 1914.
Within a few days, however, he replaced the commander of the regiment,
who had been killed at Mühlhausen.
Oldershausen was soon thereafter promoted to Oberst, and he
successfully led his regiment in battle in the Vosges
Mountains. For this, he was awarded the Saxon Kingdom's
highest military honor - the Military Order of St. Heinrich. He left
the regiment in March of 1915 in order to serve as General Paul Fleck's
Chief of Staff at VIII. Reserve Corps headquarters. Von Oldershausen
remained in this position for over a year, leading his troops as they
fought in the Champagne region.
In July 1916, Oberst von Oldershausen was
transferred to 3rd Field Army headquarters in order to function as
General von Einem's Chief of Staff. His outstanding leadership during
the Battle of the Aisne in April 1917 resulted in the Kaiser presenting
him with the Pour le Merite medal. He was later
promoted to Generalmajor and in January 1918, was transferred from the
3rd Army to take over command duties of the 24th Reserve Division (2nd
Saxon), subordinated to the 17th Field Army. After seeing heavy action
in battles at Arras, Albert, and again along the River Aisne, von
Oldershausen was transferred to Armee-Abteilung A in Alsace to serve as
General von Eben's Chief of Staff. Following the Armistice at
Compiegne, von Oldershausen was responsible for leading the unit's
troops back to the homeland for demobilization. He later functioned as
the chief of the disarmament branch at the Reichswehrsministerium,
retiring from the military in 1920 at the rank of Generalleutnant.
Freiherr von Oldershausen passed away in Hamburg in 1924 at the age of
Ritter (Komtur II: