Albert Theodor Otto von
(04.04.1848 - 22.12.1915)
place of birth: Minden, Westfalen (Prussian Westphalia)
Königreich Preußen: KG, General der Infanterie
German general and skillful commander
of the Maas Army (Army of the Meuse), a 60,000
strong task force assigned to conduct the initial engagement of the
Great War, a 10-day battle for the fortress town of Liege. Von
Emmich successfully lead this six brigade, three cavalry
division-strong reinforced detachment as they systematically took out
Liege's twelve fortresses and main citadel. For this effort, he became
German soldier during the war to receive the coveted Pour le
Following the siege, von Emmich resumed
command of his X.Army Corps, carrying out operations near Reims
until April 1915. He and his corps were then sent to Galicia on the
Eastern Front, where they fought with General von Mackensen and were
successfully engaged in battles at Gorlice-Tarnow
and the Fortress of Lemberg. In early autumn of
1915, von Emmich became ill in the field and was replaced as X.Corps
commander by General Walter von Lüttwitz.
He returned to Germany to recuperate but succumbed to his sickness,
dying on 22 December 1915 in Hannover.
Sekonde-Lieutenant - 1872
The future General von
Emmich was born in Westphalia to the family of Colonel
Theoder von Emmich. Fairly short in stature (he was 5'4"), he entered
military service on 3 July 1866, the very day on which the Battle
of Königgrätz began.
He spent the next ten years with the 55th Infantry Regiment in Detmold,
fighting with this unit during the Franco-Prussian War
of 1870-71. He saw action at Gravelotte and Colombay
where he was awarded the Iron Cross for his bravery. While serving with
this regiment, he also became fast friends with Alexander von Kluck, a
future field army commander during the Great War. Von Emmich was
beknighted by Wilhelm II in 1912 on the Kaiser's birthday.
you have nobly protected your forts. Keep your sword...to have crossed
swords with you has been an honor, sir."
Infantry Otto von Emmich
* Aug 1914 - to Liege garrison commander Lt Gen Leman, upon his capture